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{epub PDF} From Irenaeus to Grotius A Sourcebook in Christian Political Thought 100 1625 ✓ Oliver ODonovan – Book or TXT

Oliver ODonovan Ö 7 REVIEW

From Irenaeus to Grotius A Sourcebook in Christian Political Thought 100 1625

REVIEW From Irenaeus to Grotius A Sourcebook in Christian Political Thought 100 1625 107 S a coherent overview of the development of Christian political thought The editors have collected readings from the works of over sixty five authors together with introductory essays that give historical details about each thinker and discuss. What a fantastic sourcebook The introductions to each section are brilliant Disciplina Positiva Para Preescolares (NIÑOS: EDUCACIÓN Y CUIDADOS) introductory essays that give historical details about each thinker and discuss. What a fantastic sourcebook The The Ronin introductions to each section are brilliant

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REVIEW From Irenaeus to Grotius A Sourcebook in Christian Political Thought 100 1625 107 A reference tool that provides an overview of the history of Christian political thought with selections from second century to the seventeenth centuryFrom the second century to the seventeenth from Irenaeus to Grotius this uniue reader provide. This sourcebook is divided into five parts The Patristic Age Late Antiuity and Germanic Kingship The Integration of Aristotle Spiritual Polities and Dominum and Renaissance and reformation At the risk of sounding Hegelian purely accidental we see the O Donovans guiding us through the struggles each age had to face in integrating biblical truth not only with their present culture but with the achievements of previous ages The Patristic AgeChristian thinkers had to wrestle with the uncomfortable fact that the NT praised Roman soldiers with the present reality of Rome s attack on the faith Further military service whatever conclusion one reached challenged ideas of continuityEschatology factored heavier in these accounts As a separate community living in the time between the times they awaited the arrival of Yahweh and the judgment of the age This sheds light on the confrontational spiritual anyway atmosphere thinkers like Irenaeus and Cyril of Jerusalem saw a coming showdown with Antichrist uoted in O Donovan 41Several themes emerge in the Patristic Age mainly the note of Evangelical Poverty Property as defined by Lactantius is defined precisely by the structures of community relations in which material goods are communicated O Donovan 47 This means human existence has a fundamental sociality For the most part the fathers and the tradition as a whole avoid calling private property evil But it is always deconstructed They see property as already existing within community It is to enable the trustee to better rule and shareThe Transition Towards the end of the age both East and West will have been shaped by Justinian s Law The West would move to see links between Christology and political imagination cf KantorowiczLate Antiuity and Romano Germanic KingshipGermanic warrior kings provided an alternative to the orientalizing divinization cult The ecclesiastical structure begins to see itself as separate and often superior to the political order Moreover the episcopate is looked to as a model for rule Not surprisingly and perhaps contrary to earlier gains there is a return to the idea of a theocratic priest king again see Kantorowicz Consistent with the warrior king motif and O Donovan really doesn t dwell overly much on it is the idea of David as a type of later Christian kings Transition Not exactly a transition moment but of immense importance was Pope Gelasius s idea of the two swords dual rulership 179 There are two by whom the world is ruled priest and king Ambiguities in this model will create tensions when Aristotle comes on the sceneThe Struggle over Empire and the Integration of AristotlePope Gelasius s formulation for all of its difficulties never united the two swords into one person The temptation would later prove too great The Papacy would develop the idea of plenitude potestasis combining theology law and metaphysics into one One result would be the increasing corporatization of the church indeed a corporation of corporations O Donovan 235 again see KantorowiczThe corporatization of the church brought an old issue back to focus what is the church s relation to property Augustinian reflection eventually triumphing in Wyclif had long placed restraints on the church s vision Christ and his disciples were poor so the reasoning went therefore his successors shouldn t own kingdomsFor all of Aristotelianism s problems Aristotle did allow theologians to advance fruitful ideas of community and rights Thomas in fact would minimize the distance between pre lapsarian and post lapsarian communities Political Community Spiritual Church and DominumFrench royalism following after numerous papal schisms exposed the vain pretensions of a lordly church in a secular sphere O Donovan notes French royalist ecclesiology was a milestone on the way to the spiritualized church 389 The key thinker to follow is John Wyclif who is uite likely the unspoken champion of this volume Evangelical lordship is the natural nonproprietary use of necessary things universally open to human beings 484 Following Augustine Wyclif will argue that a just lordship of earthly goods involves a rightly ordered love towards them which depends on a true knowledge of them available only in Christ 485 cf Augustine City of God BK 19 Does this mean that we can overthrow tyrants since they don t have a Christological understanding of rightly ordered loves and hence no just lordship Not so fast Wyclif would say it is true they do not have just lordship but we as those having true dominion in Christ bear witness that they have a defective use of these goods Wyclif 494 Tyrants posses an unformed power Wyclif 510 but not true lordship Rather it is the believer who has the epistemological authority to judge the failures of church and state O Donovan 483ff Communication and Sharing God communicates them spiritual gifts to mankind with no alienation or impoverishment to himself the giver Divine Lordship bk 3 ch 1 70c Reformation and BeyondExpanding exploration and new markets forced a rethinking of many theories particularly those of ius naturale and ius gentium O Donovan 549 The idea of covenant began to play a prominent role per Knox and Junius Brutus in how one relates to kings On the Romanist and Anglican sides develops in Thomism provided new reflectionsI think a lot of early Reformed covenantal approaches were uite strained However Althusius s symbiotic covenantal model was not only brilliant it was uite exciting He even summarizes and recapitulates the earlier medieval models as rule by communicacioPerkins has some great thoughts on euity the mean between natural and divine law Finishing the moment is Hugo Grotius s ideas of natural right subjective right right attaching to a subject Irenaeus to Grotius 797 799 A faculty is a right in the strict sense entitles me to claim something as my own facultyactfitnesspotencyGrotius reworks subjective rights not as entitlement but as fitness or aptitude ObservationsIt took me ten years to work through this book but I think it was worth it Occasionally O Donovan might cook the evidence when it comes to political economy and perhaps he doesn t include all our favorite theologians but given the limitations I don t see how it could possibly be any better Definitely recommended

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REVIEW From Irenaeus to Grotius A Sourcebook in Christian Political Thought 100 1625 107 How each has contributed to the tradition of Christian political thought Complete with important Greek and Latin texts available here in English for the first time this volume will be a primary resource for readers from a wide range of interest. This is a really great book a friend of mine gave me It s simply a collection of excerpts from christian writers from the early days of christianity up through the Reformation on the subject of politics and government It s a really great resource for people interested in christian history and political thought