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Umberto Eco ( ebook Pdf ) Il nome della rosa – m1o.ru

characters æ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Umberto Eco

Read & Download Il nome della rosa Ý PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook The year is 1327 Franciscans in a wealthy Italian abbey are suspected of heresy and Brother William of Baskerville arrives to investigate When his delicate mission is suddenly overshadowed by sev A 84% Very Good Notes A medieval Sherlock Holmes manages sectarian politics and investigates serial murders in a dense but effective read

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Read & Download Il nome della rosa Ý PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook And a ferocious curiosity He collects evidence deciphers secret symbols and coded manuscripts and digs into the eerie labyrinth of the abbey where “the most interesting things happen at night The Name of the Rose is not a book to be picked up lightly with the expectation that you the reader are about to embark on a traditional work of historical fiction Umberto Eco expects much from the reader of this book Almost immediately the unsuspecting reader will find himself dropped into the midst of the High Middle Ages a society completely foreign for the majority of modern readersIn historical context the story occurs during the time the Papacy had moved from its traditional location in Italy to Avignon John XXII is a Pope brought to the head of the Holy Roman Church by the King of France John is not the first Pope to leave the Church s Italian homeHowever it is 1327 and great dissatisfaction pervades Europe that a French King should have political influence over the Church Traditionally following the division of the Roman Empire between West and East the secular protection of the Church had fallen to the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire a title held by members of the royal families of Germany In that year Louis IV would declare himself the King of Italy and in 1328 he would crown himself the next Emperor of the Holy Roman EmpireLouis entrance into Italy was inevitable as King Phillip of France had encouraged an alliance with the French Pope through his connection with the King of Naples Louis sympathies or perhaps his political acumen led him to support the Franciscan Order committed to the life of poverty This was in direct contradiction to the Papal Bulls issued by John XXII who saw the Franciscan Orders as a disruptive force among the common people Off shoots of the Fransiscan s particularly the Psuedo Apostles led by Fra Dolcino had led to absolute chaos in Italy Dolcino s common followers attacked the wealthy to bring about a universal state of poverty There should be no rich There should be no poor The ultimate goal of Dolcino was to abolish the need of the Church and place it under the authority of the people Under this theory there was no need for Popes Cardinals Bishops or ecclesiastical offices of any typeWilliam of Baskerville s purpose in going to the Abbey of Melko is as an emissary of the Imperial Theologians to negotiate a meeting between legations appointed by the Pope and Louis to resolve the conflict between the Papacy the Minorite or Franciscan orders and Louis What is at stake is a reinterpretation between Church and State That the underlying issue concerns who will wield true power in Europe is obviousHowever William s true mission is delayed For upon his arrival he discovers that a young Illuminator in the Abbey s Scriptorium has met an untimely death Was it murder or suicide The death of a second monk clearly indicates that someone in the closed society of the Abbey of Melk is a murdererAccompanied by his scribe Adso William sets out to investigate the deaths of the two monks The mystery only deepens as deaths occur The circumstances seem to follow the sounding of the trumpets as revealed in the Revelation of JohnEco continues to complicate the facts of William s case by revealing that the Abbey contains one of the finest libraries known in the contemporary world Interestingly no one but the Librarian his assistant or someone with the permission of the Abbot himself can gain entry to the library which is protected by a labyrinth seemingly incapable of being navigatedWilliam of Baskerville is the euivalent of a Medieval Sherlock Holmes Adso whose French name happens to be Adson conveniently rhyming with Watson William is a man committed to logic He is a student of Roger Bacon He is a contemporary of William of Occam It should come as no surprise that he is capable of the art of deduction through that logic nor that he should be in possession of a pair of optical lenses serving him as eyeglasses enabling him to read the tiny writing of a murdered monk barely perceptible to the naked eye The monk s almost invisible writing lead William and Adso to discover the secrets of the labyrinth and to search for a book that seems to hold the motive for the accumulating bodies day by dayThe Abbot pointedly tells William that the matter of these deaths must be resolved prior to the arrival of the two legations The Papal legation is headed by Bernard of Gui an infamous inuisitor who has burned many a heretic in his long history as a defender of the faith Surely Bernard will take over the uestion of the deaths at the Abbey and use them to strengthen the Pope s position that the Franciscan s philosophy of the poverty of Christ be eliminated by the PopeWilliam and Adso s exploration of the labyrinth to discover a missing book the seeming motive for the murders intensify And they succeed in discovering their way through the labyrinth However they are unsuccessful in unraveling an endless thread of textual clues leading from one manuscript to the next prior to the arrival of the two opposed legationsAs feared the discovery of yet another body the herbalist Severinus leads Bernard Gui to take over the inuisition to root out the evil present in the abbey Bernard is ruthless Torture is an accepted practice to disclose the works of the devil As expected Bernard announces he intends to inform the Pope that the Franciscan orders of Poverty should be prohibitedNevertheless William and Adso will solve the mystery of the labyrinth the secret manuscript it contains and the identity of the murderer In keeping with my practice not to reveal any spoilers of plot I will not address the identity of the murderer nor the motive for the crimesBut I will say this The Name of the Rose is a labyrinth complete within itself While a labyrinth may contain a solution and one may escape its twists and turns it is not always possible to end up with an answer that leaves no ambiguity There is than one labyrinth present in Eco s wonderful work One uestion relates to the interpretation of knowledge itself Is knowledge finite Are there universal truths Or is it a matter of what appears to be the truth only subject to interpretation by individualsTo the librarians of the Abbey Melko knowledge was something to be protected from disclosure As I mentioned to one friend the library took on the connotation of Eden s Tree of Life from which man and woman were forbidden to eat It was knowledge gained from eating the forbidden fruit that led to the loss of innocence Considering that the library contained many works considered by the librarians to be the work of infidels it would be their purpose to hide those works from the innocent Yet the mere possession of that knowledge also led to its misinterpretation and the accusation of heresyClearly during the heated debate between the Papal and Imperial Legations knowledge did not exist independent of the thinker s perception One postulation of a particular theological theorem was subject to debate on the most minute detail out of political motivationBut Adso may well have had the most significant statement to make regarding books and their contents It will be one of my favorite passages Until then I had thought each book spoke of the things human or divine that lie outside books Now I realized that not infreuently books speak of books it is as if they spoke among themselves In the light of this reflection the library seemed all the disturbing to me It was then the place of long centuries old murmuring an imperceptible dialogue between one parchment and another a living thing a receptacle of powers not to ruled by a human mind a treasure of secrets emanated by many minds surviving the death of those who had produced them or had been their conveyors Even William was subject to hearing words so familiar he knew he had read them before but could not remember the name of the book It seemed to me as I read this page that I had read some of these words before and some phrases that are almost the same which I have seen elsewhere return to my mind Books find themselves the creator of other bookswhen they become so deeply planted in our subconscious A famous contemporary example is found in Nabokov s Lolita Nabokov s character first appeared in a short story Lolita written in 1916 by Heinz von Eschwege The story lines are uite similar Nabokov has been said to have created artistic improprieties or been subject to a phenomenon known as cryptomnesia a hidden memory of a story he had once read Michael Marr author of The Two Lolitas wrote Literature has always been a huge crucible in which familiar themes are continually recastPerhaps James Baldwin said it best It was books that taught me that the things that tormented me most were the very things that connected me with all the people who were alive or who had ever been aliveAs The Name of the Rose contains a multitude of Latin phrases I think it fitting to add one not included in the book itself That is sub rosa The concept first appears in Egyptian culture The rose was the symbol of the Egyptian God Horus most often represented by a child holding his finger to his mouth as if he were saying Shhhh It became symbolic of silence It reappears in Greek and Roman mythology VenusAphrodite gave a rose to Cupid which served as a symbol of silence regarding her many indiscretions in love By the Middle Ages the rose had a definite meaning In those times when a party of individuals met in a council hall a rose was hung over the table Whatever was discussed under the rose was secret and all parties meeting under the rose agreed that the subject of their discussions was confidential Much lies under the surface of this novel It was deemed by the characters to be secret And so I believe Eco would have us treat this novel in modo sub rosa leaving each reader to discover its secrets in their own manner The further one delves the secrets remain to be discovered

characters æ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Umberto Eco

Read & Download Il nome della rosa Ý PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook En bizarre deaths Brother William turns detective His tools are the logic of Aristotle the theology of Auinas the empirical insights of Roger Bacon all sharpened to a glistening edge by wry humor This was one of the biggest novels in the 80s I remember the book very well A crime story set in a monastery with much Latin and Greek and some dubious monks trying to solve some murder cases The denouement was brilliant The whole story was absolutely outstanding the lost book on comedy and extremely sophisticated So much wisdom and philosophy in one novel It s very seldom that you come across a book like that There is also a famous movie with Jean Connery as William of Baskerville but the book tops the novel by far Back then in school everybody read that novel Must read and absolutely recommended

  • Hardcover
  • 514
  • Il nome della rosa
  • Umberto Eco
  • English
  • 14 March 2019
  • 9780151446476