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[Early Indians [BOOK] Free download Ebook ↠ Tony Joseph


  • Hardcover
  • 256
  • Early Indians
  • Tony Joseph
  • English
  • 17 December 2018
  • 9789386228987

Summary Early Indians

Early Indians Free download Ê PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Heavily on path breaking DNA research of recent years But it also presents earlier archaeological and linguistic evidence all in an entertaining and highly readable manner A hugely significant book Early Indians authoritatively and bravely puts to rest several ugly debates on the ancestry of modern Indians It not only shows us how the modern Indian population came to be composed as it is but also reveals an undeniable and important truth about who we are we are all migrants And we are all mixe Two terms that refer to linguistic groups are widely misunderstood in India and taken to be racial denominators that split the country into two demographic zones in the north and the south We know them as Aryan and Dravidian The former is broadly associated with the north and the latter with the south commonly in the state of Tamil Nadu Scholars are divided on the issue of paternity of the Harappan Civilization 2500 1900 BCE that marked the foundation of later socio religious development in India A few scholars argue that Harappa was made possible by Aryan effort and the Vedic literature was composed there Dravidian scholars indignantly claim that the Harappan culture was a Dravidian one which was destroyed by the Aryans who then set the inhabitants on an exodus to the south Literary archeological and epigraphic evidence could not break the stalemate even now This book comes up with genetic data to finally decide what is what Tony Joseph is a columnist and contributor to leading newspapers and magazines He is also a former editor of Businessworld No formal training in history or archeology is mentioned in any of the personal introductions of the author found onlineJoseph banks on the recently acuired ability of scientific establishment to successfully extract and analyse DNA from ancient fossils and map its genome This helps to compare it with modern DNA and find out the era in which they diverged genetically It has also produced some truly astounding conclusions It is gratifying to learn that DNA evidence is conclusive that humans originated in Africa and all of them now living outside that continent are descendants of a single population of migrants who moved out of Africa to Asia around 70000 years ago A group among them reached India too and the author calls them First Indians They mixed with later entrants but serve as bedrock of genetic ancestry to all modern Indians But there are closer direct descendants to them with little mixing with later societies The Onge tribe in Little Andamans numbering about 100 souls is the closest relative of the First Indians However the author suggests to Indians a simple method to physically view the other descendants of the First Indians look at a mirror Genetic data brings to light interesting facts about the ancestry of modern Indians 70 90 per cent of people in the current Indian population originated from a single woman among the First Indians who arrived 65000 years ago while only 10 40 per cent can trace their descent to a single man in that society This means that most of the later migrations were sexually biased towards the maleIndia witnessed further migrations but the author identifies the influx of Iranian agriculturists from the Zagros Mountains in 7000 3000 BCE as the first notable wave after the event that happened 65000 years ago These people Joseph calls them Dravidians introduced the art of agriculture in India The earliest agricultural experiment took place in a 200 hectare area in the remote village of Mehrgarh in Balochistan around 7000 2600 BCE The next wave occurred in the interval 2000 1000 BCE Multiple waves of steppe pastoralists calling themselves Aryans from central Asia brought Indo European languages and new cultural practices to south Asia If the author is to be believed these two migrations account for the ancestry of 95 per cent of the modern Indian population Scientific studies repeatedly show that the genetic imprint of the First Indians is carried by all castes and tribes of the country in all regions and all linguistic groups This is uniue to India in the world The author is careful not to antagonize powerful public opinion Instead of using misnomers like Aryan and Dravidian he uses expressions such as Ancestral North Indians ANI and Ancestral South Indians ASI where in fact he should have plainly stated that we are the result of the admixture of the First Indians and West Eurasians seen in varying percentages among the two groupsThis book upholds the scholarly consensus that Aryans did not destroy the Harappan Civilization During 1900 1300 BCE in the Late Harappan period the civilization declined and eventually disappeared This was primarily due to unusually long spells of drought probably caused by changes in oceanic and atmospheric circulations This severely affected other civilizations in Egypt West Asia and China as well The prolonged drought ultimately made monsoonal rivers go dry or become seasonal affecting habitability along their courses There is no archeological evidence that the Aryans destroyed the Harappan Civilization On the other hand there are ample indicators that they merged into it This is clear from the reducing discrepancy between the Vedic texts and Harappan Civilization over time The later the Vedic text there is likelihood of finding connections to Harappan cultural heritage The author also lists out a few examples In another section he argues that after 2000 BCE when the Late Harappan Civilization was already in decline steppe pastoralists who took Indo European languages to Europe reached India bringing with them an early version of Sanskrit and related cultural concepts and practices such as ritual sacrifices These newly arrived Indo European language speakers called themselves Aryans p142Contrary to the claims of the Dravidian political movement that they are the original inhabitants of India this book affirms that they too have come to India as migrants but a few millennia before the Aryans did Dravidian languages show clear linguistic affinity to the Elamite language spoken in ancient Iran This book makes a delightful comparison of ten common words in Proto Elamite and modern Dravidian languages which are strikingly similar Joseph surmises that a band of herders from southern and central Zagros region migrated to south Asia as speakers of the Proto Elamite language sometime after 7000 BCE mixed with the First Indians and this new mixed population sparked an agricultural revolution in the north western region of India and then went on to create the Harappan Civilization over the next few millennia p136 Hence it is definitely DravidianThe author makes a cursory analysis of the caste system and arrives at a year in which it solidified with an exercise that is mostly conjecture Aryans originated in the Eurasian steppes around 2500 BCE as seen by the presence of haplogroup R1a among the ancient DNA collected from these regions Many Indians still carry this uniue variation in their DNA This R1a group is reported to be having about twice as high an incidence rate among Brahmins than other lower castes Genetic studies show extensive admixture between different Indian populations between 2200 BCE and 100 CE This is indicative of exogamy and absence of endogamous castes The mixing came to an abrupt end sometime around 100 CE It is guessed that a new ideology which had gained ground and power imposed on the society new social restrictions and a new way of life possibly in the aftermath of the dissolution of the Mauryan Empire The caste system had arrived in this way and the author mocks that it cut the country into tukdetukde pieces borrowing the vocabulary of television news channel discussions in 2018The book s content is very logically argued and pleasing to read However it relies too much on genetics research papers that have not yet received wide acceptance Joseph himself admits that such papers often show contradictory findings p11 He also concedes that even in the most professional of settings personal preferences can play a part in how research findings are interpreted p11 Judging from the author s remarks in the book it is fairly evident that he has built an edifice that harbours his pre existing convictions on the genetic development of Indian populations The research that had gone into the text does not appear to be so deep as some best seller books such as Harari s Sapiens are listed as references and material for further reading All in all this book is a good effort to buttress the left liberal outlook of Indian history It is by no means impartialThe book is highly recommended Kana Pict-o-Graphix earlier archaeological and linguistic Sienkiewicz. Żywot pisarza evidence all in an TFS Ingenuity (The Terran Fleet Command Saga entertaining and highly readable manner A hugely significant book Early Indians authoritatively and bravely puts to rest several ugly debates on the ancestry of modern Indians It not only shows us how the modern Indian population came to be composed as it is but also reveals an undeniable and important truth about who we are we are all migrants And we are all mixe Two terms that refer to linguistic groups are widely misunderstood in India and taken to be racial denominators that split the country into two demographic zones in the north and the south We know them as Aryan and Dravidian The former is broadly associated with the north and the latter with the south commonly in the state of Tamil Nadu Scholars are divided on the issue of paternity of the Harappan Civilization 2500 1900 BCE that marked the foundation of later socio religious development in India A few scholars argue that Harappa was made possible by Aryan Wybor idiomów angielskich effort and the Vedic literature was composed there Dravidian scholars indignantly claim that the Harappan culture was a Dravidian one which was destroyed by the Aryans who then set the inhabitants on an How Could She? exodus to the south Literary archeological and Words on Words epigraphic Finding Magic (Downside Ghosts, evidence could not break the stalemate Half My Blood (Dartmoor, even now This book comes up with genetic data to finally decide what is what Tony Joseph is a columnist and contributor to leading newspapers and magazines He is also a former Ja - Ty - My editor of Businessworld No formal training in history or archeology is mentioned in any of the personal introductions of the author found onlineJoseph banks on the recently acuired ability of scientific Diamond Grill establishment to successfully The Poisoned Honey Cake (Roman Mystery Scrolls, extract and analyse DNA from ancient fossils and map its genome This helps to compare it with modern DNA and find out the Katyně era in which they diverged genetically It has also produced some truly astounding conclusions It is gratifying to learn that DNA Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods evidence is conclusive that humans originated in Africa and all of them now living outside that continent are descendants of a single population of migrants who moved out of Africa to Asia around 70000 years ago A group among them reached India too and the author calls them First Indians They mixed with later How Much Wood Would a Woodchuck Chuck? entrants but serve as bedrock of genetic ancestry to all modern Indians But there are closer direct descendants to them with little mixing with later societies The Onge tribe in Little Andamans numbering about 100 souls is the closest relative of the First Indians However the author suggests to Indians a simple method to physically view the other descendants of the First Indians look at a mirror Genetic data brings to light interesting facts about the ancestry of modern Indians 70 90 per cent of people in the current Indian population originated from a single woman among the First Indians who arrived 65000 years ago while only 10 40 per cent can trace their descent to a single man in that society This means that most of the later migrations were sexually biased towards the maleIndia witnessed further migrations but the author identifies the influx of Iranian agriculturists from the Zagros Mountains in 7000 3000 BCE as the first notable wave after the Craft event that happened 65000 years ago These people Joseph calls them Dravidians introduced the art of agriculture in India The Król życia earliest agricultural Dangerous Promise (Promises experiment took place in a 200 hectare area in the remote village of Mehrgarh in Balochistan around 7000 2600 BCE The next wave occurred in the interval 2000 1000 BCE Multiple waves of steppe pastoralists calling themselves Aryans from central Asia brought Indo European languages and new cultural practices to south Asia If the author is to be believed these two migrations account for the ancestry of 95 per cent of the modern Indian population Scientific studies repeatedly show that the genetic imprint of the First Indians is carried by all castes and tribes of the country in all regions and all linguistic groups This is uniue to India in the world The author is careful not to antagonize powerful public opinion Instead of using misnomers like Aryan and Dravidian he uses Red Skies Falling (Skybound, expressions such as Ancestral North Indians ANI and Ancestral South Indians ASI where in fact he should have plainly stated that we are the result of the admixture of the First Indians and West Eurasians seen in varying percentages among the two groupsThis book upholds the scholarly consensus that Aryans did not destroy the Harappan Civilization During 1900 1300 BCE in the Late Harappan period the civilization declined and William (Enemies to Lovers, eventually disappeared This was primarily due to unusually long spells of drought probably caused by changes in oceanic and atmospheric circulations This severely affected other civilizations in Egypt West Asia and China as well The prolonged drought ultimately made monsoonal rivers go dry or become seasonal affecting habitability along their courses There is no archeological From Irenaeus to Grotius evidence that the Aryans destroyed the Harappan Civilization On the other hand there are ample indicators that they merged into it This is clear from the reducing discrepancy between the Vedic texts and Harappan Civilization over time The later the Vedic text there is likelihood of finding connections to Harappan cultural heritage The author also lists out a few A May to December Romance examples In another section he argues that after 2000 BCE when the Late Harappan Civilization was already in decline steppe pastoralists who took Indo European languages to Europe reached India bringing with them an Moravagine early version of Sanskrit and related cultural concepts and practices such as ritual sacrifices These newly arrived Indo European language speakers called themselves Aryans p142Contrary to the claims of the Dravidian political movement that they are the original inhabitants of India this book affirms that they too have come to India as migrants but a few millennia before the Aryans did Dravidian languages show clear linguistic affinity to the Elamite language spoken in ancient Iran This book makes a delightful comparison of ten common words in Proto Elamite and modern Dravidian languages which are strikingly similar Joseph surmises that a band of herders from southern and central Zagros region migrated to south Asia as speakers of the Proto Elamite language sometime after 7000 BCE mixed with the First Indians and this new mixed population sparked an agricultural revolution in the north western region of India and then went on to create the Harappan Civilization over the next few millennia p136 Hence it is definitely DravidianThe author makes a cursory analysis of the caste system and arrives at a year in which it solidified with an Herman Hertzberger exercise that is mostly conjecture Aryans originated in the Eurasian steppes around 2500 BCE as seen by the presence of haplogroup R1a among the ancient DNA collected from these regions Many Indians still carry this uniue variation in their DNA This R1a group is reported to be having about twice as high an incidence rate among Brahmins than other lower castes Genetic studies show Family Secrets extensive admixture between different Indian populations between 2200 BCE and 100 CE This is indicative of Wolves Among Sheep exogamy and absence of Writing Fight Scenes endogamous castes The mixing came to an abrupt Punchdrunkey's Kinbaku Coloring book: Shibari Cartoons for the 18 Artist end sometime around 100 CE It is guessed that a new ideology which had gained ground and power imposed on the society new social restrictions and a new way of life possibly in the aftermath of the dissolution of the Mauryan Empire The caste system had arrived in this way and the author mocks that it cut the country into tukdetukde pieces borrowing the vocabulary of television news channel discussions in 2018The book s content is very logically argued and pleasing to read However it relies too much on genetics research papers that have not yet received wide acceptance Joseph himself admits that such papers often show contradictory findings p11 He also concedes that Graphic Design even in the most professional of settings personal preferences can play a part in how research findings are interpreted p11 Judging from the author s remarks in the book it is fairly Włosy Mamy evident that he has built an Caring for Victor edifice that harbours his pre Omkara effort to buttress the left liberal outlook of Indian history It is by no means impartialThe book is highly recommended

Review ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Õ Tony Joseph

Early Indians

Early Indians Free download Ê PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Lturalists from Iran between 7000 and 3000 BCE and pastoralists from the Central Asian Steppe between 2000 and 1000 BCE among others As Joseph unravels our history using the results of genetic and other research he takes head on some of the most controversial and uncomfortable uestions of Indian history Who were the Harappans Did the 'Aryans' really migrate to India Are North Indians genetically different from South Indians And are the various castes genetically distinct groups This book relies Tony Joseph s new book Early Indians The Story of Our Ancestors and Where We Came From attempts to sell the colonial Aryan Invasion Theory s insidious 21st century version the Aryan Migration Myth on the basis of racist Hinduphobic Harvard geneticist David Reich s thoroughly discredited researchThe legendary Russian archaeologist Leo Klejn has thoroughly debunked Reich s pro AIT researchThe New York Times has exposed Reich s dubious deeply flawed research methodology alleged unethical practices and unprecedented preferential treatment by scientific journals thereby obliterating the basic premise behind the book s conclusionsThis effectively consigns Joseph s book to the trash heapJoseph s book is a calculated calibrated neo colonial enterprise that was conceived designed and launched with a singular purpose in mind to revive the discredited Aryan Invasion Theory and thereby mislead Indians and alienate them from the truth about their historyBe warned dear reader Do not allow yourself to be misled Road-map to the Indians Treasure exposed Reich s dubious deeply flawed research methodology alleged unethical practices and unprecedented preferential treatment by scientific journals thereby obliterating the basic premise behind the book s conclusionsThis Green dog trumpet and other stories effectively consigns Joseph s book to the trash heapJoseph s book is a calculated calibrated neo colonial Identity enterprise that was conceived designed and launched with a singular purpose in mind to revive the discredited Aryan Invasion Theory and thereby mislead Indians and alienate them from the truth about their historyBe warned dear reader Do not allow yourself to be misled

Tony Joseph Õ 2 Read & download

Early Indians Free download Ê PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Who are we IndiansWhere did we come fromMany of us believe our ancestors have lived in South Asia since 'time immemorial' But as it turns out 'time immemorial' may not have been all that long ago To tell us the story of our ancestry journalist Tony Joseph goes 65000 years into the past when a band of modern humans or Homo sapiens first made their way from Africa into the Indian subcontinent Citing recent DNA evidence he traces the subseuent large migrations of modern humans into India of agricu India has had a weird relationship with its history prior to Mauryan empire History by its nature is imprecise but in this case confusion is compounded by the fact that Harappan script remains undeciphered and there are very few archaeological remains of Vedic society The confusion has only been furthered by ideologically motivated or imaginative thinkers who have colored this phase of history with their own agendas Top example remains forcibly trying to conflate Harrapans with Vedic society by force fitting Harrapan civilization as Sarasvati civilization Other examples include myths of Aryan purity artificial divide between Dravidians North Indians and nature and scale of Vedic society itself What remains underappreciated in this mess is that Harappan Civilisation was the largest and most widespread of its time with large population and huge cities which ideally should make us proud We somehow have failed to relate to our Harrapan ancestors yes ancestors in our cultural consciousnessThis book masterfully breaks through all this confusion and provides clarity and perspective to answer all such uestions The modern science of genetics linguistics paleo geology anthropology and archaeology are now beginning to provide a clearer picture and this book translates the latest ideas for laymenThe narrative that emerges only makes us prouder as Indians and brings us closer to our own heritage The message of unity in diversity is not only a slogan but is integral part of our own genetic makeup and our rich historical storyPS I am further excited to pay a visit to scores of Harappan sites after reading this book Sweet Alien (Reestrian Mates, evidence he traces the subseuent large migrations of modern humans into India of agricu India has had a weird relationship with its history prior to Mauryan Detective Wanda Wolfe empire History by its nature is imprecise but in this case confusion is compounded by the fact that Harappan script remains undeciphered and there are very few archaeological remains of Vedic society The confusion has only been furthered by ideologically motivated or imaginative thinkers who have colored this phase of history with their own agendas Top Riverside. Sen w wysokiej rozdzielczości example remains forcibly trying to conflate Harrapans with Vedic society by force fitting Harrapan civilization as Sarasvati civilization Other Dreams of Glass examples include myths of Aryan purity artificial divide between Dravidians North Indians and nature and scale of Vedic society itself What remains underappreciated in this mess is that Harappan Civilisation was the largest and most widespread of its time with large population and huge cities which ideally should make us proud We somehow have failed to relate to our Harrapan ancestors yes ancestors in our cultural consciousnessThis book masterfully breaks through all this confusion and provides clarity and perspective to answer all such uestions The modern science of genetics linguistics paleo geology anthropology and archaeology are now beginning to provide a clearer picture and this book translates the latest ideas for laymenThe narrative that Zawieszenie niewiary emerges only makes us prouder as Indians and brings us closer to our own heritage The message of unity in diversity is not only a slogan but is integral part of our own genetic makeup and our rich historical storyPS I am further Healing Sex excited to pay a visit to scores of Harappan sites after reading this book