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  • Hardcover
  • 1190
  • Shriman Yogi श्रीमान योगी
  • रणजित देसाई
  • Marathi
  • 18 March 2018
  • 9788177666403

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रणजित देसाई õ 0 Read Free read ☆ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook õ रणजित देसाई Free read Shriman Yogi श्रीमान योगी Shrimanyogi is a biographical work on the life and the achievements of the great Maratha king Chatrapathi Shivaji Shivaji has been a legendary figure in the Indian historyShivaji was one of the major influences on the revival of nationalism and Hindu culture during a period when centuries of rule by Muslim invaders had induced a condition of apathy and indifference in the peopleOver the years many legends have been added to Shivaji’s life and it is hard to filter out these embellishments and just focus on the factsThe author has done his best to build this book just on facts And the facts alone are interesting enough to highlight the achieve. MarathiEnglishMy Rating 55Summary Shreeman Yogi is a historical novel depicting life of Chatrapati Shivaji Scripted by Ranjit Desai the celebrated Marathi author Shreeman Yogi along with Swami is considered as the best among his worksReview Being a Maharashtrian it is extremely difficult for me to critically review any work on the life of Shivaji Shivaji is revered by us as the greatest among the Indian kings So rather than writing about how Shreeman Yogi elucidates his greatness I am going to write about how it helps us understand How small Shivaji was This is going to be a very long post but I sincerely urge you to read onHow Small Shivaji WasShivaji created a kingdom History remembers him as the creator of the Maratha dynasty There are at least 500 known dynasties in India All had founders Shivaji is one of them So how is he different Almost all the realms were created by exploiting the political turmoil of their time A strong satrap of a weak king forms his own kingdom a powerful general or minister dethrones an inept king and starts his own monarchy This has always been the route of all the founders right from Chandragupta Maurya They get ready made royal army administration and other functionaries But is there someone like Shivaji who had to build his kingdom from the scratch someone who did not get a ready made army of thousands of trained soldiers but had to build it brick by brick from among the peasants and the moment he started his efforts his tiny kingdom was attacked by formidable enemies Shivaji s neighbours the Adilshah and the Kutubshah were not in decline but on ascend It was the period of its biggest expansion for Bijapur Before Shivaji Adilshah had absorbed half the kingdom of Ahmadnagar and during Shivaji s lifetime the entire Karnataka This was the period of the greatest glory of the great Mughal Empire Shivaji never had powers to defeat his enemies in a straight one to one battle Whatever he created in 20 painstaking years he lost in 4 months in 1665 In spite of that after 30 years of toil he created a dynasty Give me a king in Indian history to compare with Shivaji on these groundsHindu kingdoms had certain peculiarities They won battles But that did not mean the enemy was vanuished That did not mean either that the victor s kingdom increased in size In fact it normally meant the powers of the Hindu king got diminished So annihilation in defeat and loss of strength in triumph was the norm Remember the battle of Talikota that destroyed the Vijaynagar Empire or the battle of Devagiri that spelt the death knell for the Yadav Empire Expansion of rule and strength with every new conuest sustaining force and grit in defeat this new history started with Shivaji Normally Hindu kings were unaware about the moves of enemies So the enemy will attack and march in their kingdom destroy the crops and even if defeated will retreat to its own land safely This history changes from Shivaji He was always vigilant and carried surprise attacks in enemy territories Third thing that changed with Shivaji was trust shown in adversaries Hindu kings made pacts and their enemies back stabbed them Shivaji ensnared his rivals ambushed them and stunned the world Once I find a couple of kings like this I can easily compare them with Shivaji and tell you how small he wasShivaji was a believer in religion but not a fanatic He was tough but not cruel He was audacious but not reckless He was idealist but not a day dreamer He was visionary but pragmatic enough to translate his vision into reality He lived with grandeur but was not profligate He was tolerant of other faiths You can easily compare him with Ashok Harsh and Akbar for his tolerance But unlike others Shivaji indulged neither in beauty nor in arts Patronising paintings architecture music poetry and of course beautiful women was never his lan He did not have money to build great monuments He never had time for them nor was it his inclination Shivaji did not have the panache to build Taj Mahal by spending 20 crores with the power of hunter when millions were dying in famine He was not devout and pious enough to build temples and inns for the pilgrims while British were slowly swallowing India He was a sinner and materialistic just like you and me Khafi Khan Aurangzeb s biographer says Shivaji went to hell Yes I totally agree with him Shivaji definitely went to hell I don t think he would have enjoyed the company of great kings who preferred to die a martyr rather than being alive and fight again Kings who relished performing Yadnyas and other religious ceremonies than constantly striving to expand their kingdom And all of them are in heavenAkbar is praised for his tolerance towards Hindus Remember Hindus were majority in his kingdom They were paying taxes were his army dying for his kingdom Hindus did not have the history of violence and attack on other faiths they neither raped nor massacred A stable system cannot be built without appeasing majority In contrast Muslims were a tiny minority in Shivaji s domain They were not source of his revenue They did not form his army His enemies were Muslim dynasties constantly on the lookout to annex his kingdom Aurangzeb was imposing Jizya and yet Shivaji treated Muslims with respect Not out of fear but due to his benevolenceNo doubt Shivaji was a great general but he was an eually able administrator He fought many battles but never levied any extra taxes on his subjects He built new forts and settlements offered provisions to farmers created panchang and vyavaharkosh reconverted Hindus who were forcefully converted The irony is neither his friends nor his followers ever understood him This is true even today The only person who truly understood Shivaji was AurangzebShivaji created a navy During his times Portuguese were the main foreign power All the Indian kings felt the brunt of Portuguese navy and yet it was only Shivaji who built a formidable navy of his own He constructed many sea forts and even fortified the islands of Khanderi and Underi so as to keep a watch on British activities in MumbaiThe most important point in my opinion is his subjects fought for 27 years after his death After Shivaji for 9 years under the command of Sambhaji his eldest son and after Sambhaji was killed for next 18 years almost on their own During these 27 years they could never defeat Aurangzeb Marathas never had that power There was a period when the kingdom was in complete disarray The King Rajaram Shivaji s second son was in south The Prince Shahu Sambhaji s son and his mother were Mughal hostages and the capital Raigad was under Mughal dominion Still Marathas kept fighting For 27 long years Aurangzeb toiled in the ranges of Sahyadri He won all the battles and yet lost the war After 27 long and painful years all he could achieve was to see half a million Mughals killed crores of rupees blown and the once mighty Mughal Empire crumbling Every day of his life Aurangzeb must have cursed himself for not killing Shivaji in Agra People fought against Ashok to save Kalinga People fought again in 4th century for the kingdom of Youdheya 1200 years later people fought once again for Shivaji s kingdom Why was this Was it a fight for their religion But then why did not people fight for Prithviraj Chauhan and Rana Pratap I think the real reason is Shivaji gave his people the self confidence that they can fight He invented the techniue of hit and run He established the principle of hit run survive sustain reorganise and hit again instead of fighting and dying for false glory He founded a kingdom based on justice and looked after the well being of his people Religion comes thirdThese are the benchmarks on which I want to compare Shivaji But with whom should I compare him Where is that yardstick Once I find someone I will easily tell you How Small Shivaji Was

Free read ☆ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook õ रणजित देसाईShriman Yogi श्रीमान योगी

रणजित देसाई õ 0 Read Free read ☆ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook õ रणजित देसाई Free read Shriman Yogi श्रीमान योगी Ments of this legendary kingShivaji was a man who built a dynasty starting from nothing His motivations were always immense pride in his culture and love for his motherland However he was not a bigot and treated all his subjects eually well irrespective of their religion and other divisions His battles were mostly with Muslim rulers but he never showed any animosity towards the Muslim inhabitants of his kingdomThe author has presented Shivaji as he really was with no embellishments Shivaji was a dynamic leader a warrior and a nobleman He was religious without being fanatic he was a believer but not superstitious he was courageous but not fooli. It is one thrilling ride through history and mystery What is the most charming facet of the book is its sensitivity The way Ranjit Desai handles his pen is definitely as worthy as how the great Shivaji would have had handled his mighty swordThis is an ode to the magnum opus called Shivaji not just as a king and a warrior but also as a person

Free read Shriman Yogi श्रीमान योगी

रणजित देसाई õ 0 Read Free read ☆ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook õ रणजित देसाई Free read Shriman Yogi श्रीमान योगी Sh He was a visionary who dreamt of building a Hindu kingdom in a region that was surrounded by Muslim dynasties Yet he was extremely practicalShivaji was a courageous warrior and a great tactician At the same time he was also a very good administrator and the kingdom he was building up became stronger under his rule He suffered many defeats too but he never gave up his vision and ultimately he did succeed in making his dream a realityThe author in this book has captured all the different facets of Shivaji’s personality that contributed towards this legacy and thus gives the reader a sense of involvement in the events taking place in the sto. I recently completed reading this book I found it very beautiful and importantly the feelings erupt from us while reading it The discriptions made in this book are amazing and will definately make you cry While reading we can actually imagine the entire scene running in front of our eyes Another important feature is being a non maharshtrian i could read and understand the language so the language used by the author is very simple So my reuest to those people who are non maharashtrians but can read and understand marathi should take marathi version because i feel it will give you the feel than any other language